David Foreshadows Jesus in so many ways. David is God's chosen, God's anointed, and God's appointed King. David reigned as King for 33 years, and Christ was crucified at 33 years of age.
The elders anointed David for three reasons. You can read about this in 2 Samuel 5:1-5.
- All the tribes of Israel came to David at Hebron and said, “We are your own flesh and blood. 2 In the past, while Saul was king over us, you were the one who led Israel on their military campaigns. And the Lord said to you, ‘You will shepherd my people Israel, and you will become their ruler.’” 3 When all the elders of Israel had come to King David at Hebron, the King made a covenant with them at Hebron before the Lord, and they anointed David king over Israel. 4 David was thirty years old when he became King, and he reigned forty years. 5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months, and in Jerusalem he reigned over all Israel and Judah thirty-three years.
Reason David Chosen
- David was one of their own, and he was their brother. They had a personal relationship with him. The elders knew the requirements for their chosen King. The conditions were given to them in Deuteronomy 17: 15.
Deuteronomy 17: 15.
15. be sure to appoint over you a king the Lord your God chooses. He must be from among your fellow Israelites. Do not place a foreigner over you, one who is not an Israelite.
David was their brother as they were all Decedents of Abraham. Therefore, he met this requirement.
2. The second reason for the elders anointing David as their King was his track record.
2 Samuel 5:2
2 Also, in time past, when Saul was King over us, you were the one who led Israel out and brought them in; and the Lord said to you, ‘You shall shepherd My people Israel, and be ruler over Israel.’
In Hebrew, “led out and brought in” is “an expression for leadership in battle.”
David led them out against their enemies and brought them back safe and victorious. David, in essence, had led them to safety and saved them from their enemies time and time again.
The elders wanted David to continue to save them.
3. The third reason the elders anointed David as their King was because of his divine appointment. The elders said in verse 2: “And the Lord said to you, ‘You shall be shepherd of my people Israel, and you shall be prince over Israel.’ ”
It happened about 15 years earlier. God had Samuel anoint David, in the presence of the elders of Bethlehem, to be the future King over Israel. Now, the elders are finally affirming God’s divine appointment. It took some time, but finally, 15 years later, the promise is coming to pass. Patience is truly a virtue.
So how does David's crowning point us to Jesus.
Just as the people wanted David as King because of their personal relationship, so we too must come to Jesus seeking a personal relationship. Religion won't save us. It takes a personal relationship with Jesus. The people had to know David for him to be their King, and we have to know Jesus for Him to be our King. If we don't know Him, then He isn't our King. It has to be personal.
Just as the people sought David as their King because of the things he had done, because of what he had accomplished, and because of his track record. So must we come to Jesus because of what He has done, what He has accomplished, because of His track record. He delivers us from the hand of our enemy, and David did the same for Israel.
Finally, just as the people came to David because of His Devine appointment, we too come to Jesus because of his divine appointment. He is the only way to the Father. He is appointed as High Priest over all, and He is the King of Kings and the Lord of Lords.